All You Need to Know About Snoring And How to Control It. 0

Snoring is the noisy breathing that occurs when the upper airway (nose, mouth, throat) gets narrowed or becomes occluded, during sleep.

The soft tissues in the nose, soft palate, uvula, tongue, lateral walls of the throat, epiglottis, encroach on the airways, and vibrate as respiring air blows over them, to generate the noise.

Almost, everybody snores occasionally, when they fall asleep, however, some are habitual snorers.


Sleep period is a continuous repetition of the sleep cycle every 90 minutes and it’s divided into 4 stages. The first 3 stages are grouped under non-REM, the 4th stage occurs when there is a rapid eyeball movement (REM) during sleep and is known as REM sleep stage.

Stage 1: starts with light sleep, associated with hypnic jerks/jolts, as individuals try to stay awake.

Stage 2: There is a loss of awareness but individuals can easily be aroused from the sleep.

Stage 3: Deeper sleep state where it is difficult to arouse someone in this stage. When aroused from sleep, they would still feel sleepy with impaired mentation for about 30 minutes

Stage 4: REM Sleep. The last 20 minutes of a sleep cycle is known as REM sleep. Two events occur during this stage, these are; Vivid dreams occur and Muscles lose their tone (except the muscles of the eyeball and the diaphragm).


Light snorers do snore uniformly throughout all the sleep stages. Heavy snorers, snore more during REM sleep when there is a generalized loss of muscle tone.


Snoring occurs anytime the airways are partially or completely occluded.


. Nasal congestion (from nasal allergies and viral colds), Swollen nasal turbinates, Nasal polyps

. Abnormalities of the Nasal septum (deviations, dislocations and hematoma)


structures that may narrow the airways include

. Enlarged Tonsils (especially in children).

. Large and/or soft tongues preclude air passage from nose/mouth into the lower airways

. Long and soft uvula. Uvula of habitual snorers contain fewer muscles than non-snorers

. Long soft palate.

. Loss of tone in Throat muscles due to Alcohol Sleep deprivation, Sedative medications


  • . Male sex
  • . Being overweight/ Obese leading to bulky neck/throat tissue that could narrow the airway
  • . Use of Central Nervous System depressants: Alcohol consumption, sleeping pills
  • . A family history of snoring
  • . Daytime mouth breathing
  • . Frequent sore throats
  • . Low maternal Education is a risk factor for boys.
  • . Tobacco exposure
  • . Sleeping supine/back position, allows the tongue to fall back, under gravity, to block the airways


  1. . Snoring disturbs the sleep of bed-partners and room-mates. Loud snoring may even, strain relationships.
  2. . The vibrations of snoring may damage the lining of blood vessels and promote atherosclerosis formation (1)
  3. . Heavy snoring may interfere with sleep and results in inadequate sleep. Snorers may fall asleep while driving
  4. Snorers may also complain of tiredness and headaches.
  5. . Snorers may develop Depressive disorders, Inattention and inability to complete tasks and school home works
  6. . Snoring becomes a major health problem when it as associated with sleep apnea. 50% of snorers have sleep apnea


This includes adopting measures to control the preventable risk factors for snoring


  • Weight loss if overweight
  • Avoid evening/bedtime alcohol consumption.
  • Avoid smoking, avoid sleeping pills and muscle relaxants.
  • Postural therapy: Avoid sleeping on your back. You may sleep on your side or on your belly.


Snoring treatments are not permanently curative, usually temporary

Nasal Obstruction: Nasal steroid sprays, daily antihistamines, and oral anti-inflammatory medications, help.

Tongue: If the tongue is found to contribute to snoring, Oral devices may be used to bring the lower jaw forward and prevent the tongue from moving backwards during sleep.

Soft Palate: Snoring traceable to soft palate problems may be managed by ENT surgeons. Radiofrequency ablation of the soft palate, Palatal suspension surgery, and surgical implants and injection of chemicals to stiffen the soft palate may be done

An intervention is deemed successful if Bed partners are no more disturbed by snoring

Source: Dr Alex K Sarkodie

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Ketogenic Diet, Benefits and Side Effects 0

“Ketogenic” is a term for a low-carb diet (like the Atkins diet). The idea is for you to get more calories from protein and fat and less from carbohydrates. You cut back most on the carbs that are easy to digest, like sugar, soda, pastries, and white bread.

How It Works

When you eat less than 50 grams of carbs a day, your body eventually runs out of fuel (blood sugar) it can use quickly. This typically takes 3 to 4 days. Then you’ll start to break down protein and fat for energy, which can make you lose weight. This is called ketosis. It’s important to note that the ketogenic diet is a short term diet that’s focussed on weight loss rather than the pursuit of health benefits.

Who Uses It?

People use a ketogenic diet most often to lose weight, but it can help manage certain medical conditions, like epilepsy, too. It also may help people with heart disease, certain brain diseases, and even acne, but there needs to be more research in those areas. Talk with your doctor first to find out if it’s safe for you to try a ketogenic diet, especially if you have type 1 diabetes.

Weight Loss

A ketogenic diet may help you lose more weight in the first 3 to 6 months than some other diets. This may be because it takes more calories to change fat into energy than it does to change carbs into energy. It’s also possible that a high-fat, high-protein diet satisfies you more, so you eat less, but that hasn’t been proved yet.


Insulin is a hormone that lets your body use or store sugar as fuel. Ketogenic diets make you burn through this fuel quickly, so you don’t need to store it. This means your body needs — and makes — less insulin. Those lower levels may help protect you against some kinds of cancer or even slow the growth of cancer cells. More research is needed on this, though.

Heart Disease

It seems strange that a diet that calls for more fat can raise “good” cholesterol and lower “bad” cholesterol, but ketogenic diets are linked to just that. It may be because the lower levels of insulin that result from these diets can stop your body from making more cholesterol. That means you’re less likely to have high blood pressure, hardened arteries, heart failure, and other heart conditions. It’s unclear, however; how long these effects last.


Carbohydrates have been linked to this skin condition, so cutting down on them may help. And the drop in insulin that a ketogenic diet can trigger may also help stop acne breakouts. (Insulin can cause your body to make other hormones that bring on outbreaks.) Still, more research is needed to determine exactly how much effect, if any, the diet actually has on acne.


Low-carb diets seem to help keep your blood sugar lower and more predictable than other diets. But when your body burns fat for energy, it makes compounds called ketones. If you have diabetes, particularly type 1, too many ketones in your blood can make you sick. So it’s very important to work with your doctor on any changes in your diet.


Ketogenic diets have helped control seizures caused by this condition since the 1920s. But again, it’s important to work with your doctor to figure out what’s right for you or your child.

Other Nervous System Disorders

These affect your brain and spine, as well as the nerves that link them together. Epilepsy is one, but others may be helped by a ketogenic diet as well, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and sleep disorders. Scientists aren’t sure why, but it may be that the ketones your body makes when it breaks down fat for energy help protect your brain cells from damage.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

This is when a woman’s ovaries get larger than they should be and small fluid-filled sacs form around the eggs. High levels of insulin can cause it. Ketogenic diets, which lower both the amount of insulin you make and the amount you need, may help treat it, along with other lifestyle changes, like exercise and weight loss.


A ketogenic diet may help endurance athletes — runners and cyclists, for example — when they train. Over time, it helps your muscle-to-fat ratio and raises the amount of oxygen your body is able to use when it’s working hard. But while it might help in training, it may not work as well as other diets for peak performance.

Side Effects

The more common ones aren’t usually serious: You might have constipation, mild low blood sugar, or indigestion. Much less often, low-carb diets can lead to kidney stones or high levels of acid in your body (acidosis). Other side effects can include the “keto flu,” which may include headache, weakness, and irritability; bad breath; and fatugue.

Diet With Care

When your body burns its stores of fat, it can be hard on your kidneys. And starting a ketogenic diet — or going back to a normal diet afterward — can be tricky if you’re obese because of other health issues you’re likely to have, like diabetes, a heart condition, or high blood pressure. If you have any of these conditions, make diet changes slowly and only with the guidance of your doctor.


Health Benefits of Garden Egg 0

Garden Egg is a good source of dietary fibre, as well as other mineral and vitamins such as vitamin B1, potassium, folate, manganese, magnesium, copper, Vitamin B6, niacin and other various secrete nutrients that you can read below.

Health Benefits Garden Egg:

1.    Promotes Weight Loss

Eating of eggplant especially the greenish type is beneficial in weight reduction because they contain low carbohydrates and calories essential for weight management.

Overweight individuals who want to lose weight or those who wish to retain their normal body weight can add eggplant to their diet as well.

2.     Rich in Antioxidants

Anthocyaninsnasunin and flavonoids are important and powerful phytonutrients and antioxidants in eggplants that help to protect the body system and add many health-promoting benefits to the human body.

Anthocyanins are responsible for the deep purple colour of eggplants and also helps in preventing the development of cancer as well as other diseases that result in bacteria.

Anthocyanins found in eggplants possess antioxidant properties that are responsible for protecting the whole body system.

3.       Rich in Vitamin B

Garden egg is a natural source of vitamins B’s such as thiamin, niacin, B6 and pantothenic acid that helps the body in the proper use of fat and protein; and also contributes to the nervous system positively.

Vitamin B plays a vital role in promoting good health and well-being. It helps in brain development and also helps in making sure that the immune and nervous system works properly.

Regular consumption of eggplants provides you with enough vitamin B needed by the body.

4.       Promotes Healthy Bone

They contain a good amount of potent minerals such as folate, manganese, vitamin K, magnesium, vitamin C and copper that help in bone strengthening and general bone health.

Consuming eggplant regularly is highly beneficial in preventing the risk of bone degradation and osteoporosis.

Garden egg also contains some amount of iron and calcium aids in reducing the chance of osteoporosis, thereby keeping your bones strong and healthy.

5.       Helps in Digestion

Garden eggs are fibrous fruits that help in proper food digestion and controlling of bowel movement. Due to this fibre content in the fruit, they reduce constipation and improve digestion.

Garden eggs are believed to be one of the greatest sources of dietary fibre which is an essential element in any balanced diet.

Fibre aids greatly in gastrointestinal health and proper movement of bowels. Consuming eggplants will contribute a lot in digestion and consistence movement of bowels.

6.       Good for Pregnant Women

These fruits are packed with minerals, vitamins and other nutritional properties that play a key role during pregnancy.

The properties in garden egg help both pregnant women and unborn children for healthy situational conditions.

Garden eggs are also rich in folic acid which is beneficial to pregnant women. Folic acid protects infants from neural tube defects that do occur.

Garden eggs are rich sources of folic acid, which makes it an excellent food and useful dietary addition during pregnancy.

7.       Prevents Anemia

Garden egg has been found to serve as a natural medicine for treating several health conditions such as bronchitis, colic (pain in the abdomen caused by obstruction of the intestine); stress relief, headache and others, if consumed daily.

Garden egg is a rich source of iron, which helps in increase in the red blood cell in the body, thereby aids in fighting against anaemia or deficiency in iron.

Garden eggs are also rich in copper, another important component of red blood cells. Consuming garden eggs helps in making the red blood cells to flow adequately through your veins, thereby causing a boost in strength and energy.

8.       Prevents Diabetes

Garden eggs which are a source of soluble fibre and carbohydrates can help in the control and prevention of diabetes.

Foods rich in fibre and carbohydrate help in the regulation of blood sugar levels and glucose absorption.

It is an excellent food for people suffering from diabetes, as it will go a long way in the reduction and prevention of type 2 diabetes.

9.       Maintains Blood Pressure Levels

Garden eggs contain a high amount of calcium, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus. These minerals contained in it helps in maintaining electrolyte balance in our body.

It aids in neutralizing sodium effects in the body, thereby controlling blood pressure levels.

An antioxidant in garden eggs known as chlorogenic acid also helps in reducing cholesterol levels in the body.

Therefore regular consumption of garden egg helps in maintaining a good blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

10.    Prevents heart diseases

Garden eggs are rich in vitamin B1 and B6 (thiamin and niacin). These vitamins are essential in the body for the proper functioning of the heart and cellular respiration. Its rich in potassium also help in blood pressure regulation.

Vitamin B1 deficiency leads to cardiovascular problems. Therefore foods rich in vitamin B1 play a vital role in ensuring a healthy nervous system and improve the proper functioning of the cardiovascular.

Vitamin B6 helps in maintaining a healthy nervous system. Consuming garden egg can greatly help in preventing heart disorders.

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