How to stop talking in your sleep 0

sleep talking

If your partner told you that you talk in your sleep, they might be onto something. Over two thirds of people will sleep talk during their lifetime, according to a study published in Sleep Medicine.

Talking in your sleep is a parasomnia disorder called somniloquy, and experts aren’t exactly sure why it happens, said Dr. Kannan Ramar, professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.
“Some episodes of sleep talking can last 30 seconds and transpire only once in a blue moon while others report sleep talking for longer durations and more frequently within a sleep period,” said Rebecca Robbins, sleep scientist at Brigham & Women’s Hospital and Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School.
Genetics or increased alcohol consumption might play a role, she said. Another major factor is excessive stress, Ramar added. “As anxiety can be a contributor to sleep talking, some may express their feelings, worries or reflect upon their day.”
The talking could range from a few nonsense words to complete sentences and is normally harmless, Robbins said.
Researchers analyzed the sleep talking patterns of more than 230 individuals and found the most common word was “no.” The study, which was published in the journal Sleep, also found nearly 10% of people used profanities while sleeping.

Pausing for an imaginary person

The study also found people were pausing during their sleep talk conversation to let an imaginary person talk back to them before responding. This shows that the sleeping brain can function at a high level, Robbins said.
While it’s uncommon, there are some instances when you might confess to something while you’re asleep, Robbins said.
Most people tend to form more coherent sentences in the first two cycles of sleep, Ramar said. In the second two cycles, people tend to make less sense.
When people wake up, they rarely remember they’ve talked in their sleep, Ramar noted. They often rely on their partner to tell them if they’ve chatted while asleep.

How to prevent sleep talking

Sleep talking is usually harmless and is not tied to any mental or physical issues Robbins said. She suggested people talk about their sleep talking with their partner.
If you find your partner keeps waking up to your talking, modifying your lifestyle to include less alcohol and more hours of sleep could help, Robbins said. It’s also important to find ways to reduce stress, she added.
Ramar said people should not drink caffeine in the afternoon, and they should try and go to sleep and wake up around similar times to regulate their energy.
If those don’t work, Robbins recommended people see a sleep specialist so they could conduct an overnight sleep recording to better analyze and solve the situation.
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Home Remedies for Hiccups 0

We have all been tormented by hiccups at some point in our lives those annoying, involuntary fits that can make it nearly impossible to carry on a conversation, eat a meal or even maintain a train of thought. Most people hiccup four to 60 times per minute during a bout of hiccups, and everyone has a specific, lifelong hiccup pattern.

The average hiccup spell can last from a few minutes to a few hours, but some people suffer from extended episodes that last days, months or even years. Hiccups that last longer than 48 hours are called persistent hiccups,and if they’ve lasted more than a month, you have intractable hiccups.

Both types can cause serious health problems and, in some cases, even death. For many of us, hiccups begin in the womb. The recapitulation theory proposes that fetuses use hiccups in respiration before their lungs are fully developed. This may help explain why premature infants spend up to 2.5 percent of their time hiccuping more than full-term babies.

Hiccup is an involuntary and sudden contraction of the muscles of the diaphragm. Normally, this action is repeated many times. A weird sound (hic) is produced. The sound is because of the epiglottis which closes when air suddenly tries to rush in. Hiccups are not as painful usually, though they can be very irritating at times. When they continue for a long period, they are very irritating.

Hiccups Causes:

  1. If you eat too fast, you can swallow air along with your food and end up
    with a case of the hiccups. Any other practices that might irritate the diaphragm such as eating too much (especially fatty foods) or drinking too much (drunk people hiccup) can make you prone to having hiccups.
  2. In these instances, your stomach, which sits underneath and adjacent to the
    diaphragm, is distended or stretched. Because they occur in relation to
    eating and drinking, hiccups are sometimes thought to be a reflex to protect
    you from choking.
  3. Sobbing or crying – Eating very spicy food,
  4. Consuming very hot food,
  5. Consuming excessive alcohol or soda,
  6. Coughing badly,
  7. Laughing badly.
getty

Scientific Causes of Hiccups:

During normal breathing, we take in air from the mouth and nose, and it flows through the pharynx, past the glottis and into the larynx and trachea, ending in the lungs. The diaphragm, a large muscle between the chest and abdomen, aids this airflow. It moves down when we inhale, and then up when
we exhale. The phrenic nerves control the movement and sensation of the diaphragm. Any irritation to these nerves induces a spasm of the diaphragm. This spasm causes a person to take a short, quick breath that is then interrupted by the closing of the epiglottis (a flap that protects the glottis, the space between the vocal cords). The sudden closing creates the sound we all know as a hiccup.

So, hiccups are the result of diaphragm spasms. But what causes the irritation that leads to the spasm? There are only a few culprits for common hiccups, which usually disappear within a few minutes. One of the main irritants is a full stomach a result of swallowing too much food
or air. A distended stomach pushes against the phrenic nerves of the diaphragm, increasing the possibility of irritation and, therefore, hiccups. A full stomach of spicy food can do double damage hot foods can be especially irritating to those nerves. As any smoker on a bender can tell you, excess
smoking and drinking alcohol can also cause hiccups. A rapid temperature change outside or inside your stomach, from a cold night or a hot beverage, can be irritating enough to induce hiccups. Finally, emotions shock, excitement and stress — can also trigger a hiccup fit. Persistent and intractable hiccups can have more serious causes. There are hundreds, from hysteria to heart attacks, but most fit into one of five categories: central nervous system problems, metabolic problems, nerve irritation, anaesthesia or surgery, and mental health issues. Because these causes are so varied and potentially serious, anyone suffering from hiccups for more than 48 hours should head straight to a doctor.

Home Remedies for Hiccups:

  1. Holding your breath and counting to 10 is one way some people can get rid of their hiccups. Other people say that drinking from the “wrong” side of a glass of water is the way to become hiccup-free.
  2. Putting sugar under your tongue might work.
  3. Pound 5-6 green cardamom. Boil in 2 cups of water. When it boils down to 1
  4. cup remove, sieve and drink while warm.
  5. Drinking water frequently in short durations is also helpful.
  6. Eating a bowl full of yoghurt with a pinch of salt is also a good home remedy.
  7. Tickling the throat with the cotton swab is also helpful.
  8. Drink one ounce of white vinegar.
  9. Sucking crushed ice provides immediate relief

Abortion Emotional Side Effects 0

Abortion can emotionally affect each woman differently. Some women report a sense of relief after having an abortion. The reasons for relief also vary from woman to woman.

Emotional and psychological effects following abortion are more common than physical side effects and can range from mild regret to more serious complications such as depression. It is important to discuss these risks with a trained professional who can address your questions and concerns. The emotional side effects of having an abortion are just as real as physical side effects.

One important factor related to the vulnerability of negative emotional or psychological effects has to do with your belief about the baby inside of you. Those who believe it is not a baby until it is born have less of a chance of experiencing negative emotional consequences. However, those who believe it is a baby are more likely to experience negative emotional side effects.

Image of woman who's vulnerable to emotional side effects after her abortion

What Are The Types Of Potential Emotional And Psychological Sides Effects Following An Abortion?

The following is a list of potential emotional and psychological risks of having an abortion. The intensity or duration of these effects will vary from one person to another.

Potential side effects include:

  • Regret
  • Anger
  • Guilt
  • Shame
  • Sense of loneliness or isolation
  • Loss of self confidence
  • Insomnia or nightmares
  • Relationship issues
  • Suicidal thoughts and feelings
  • Eating disorders
  • Depression
  • Anxiety

Image of woman who is feeling depressed after her abortion procedure

Who’s More Prone To Experience Emotional Side Effects?

It is possible for anyone to experience an unexpected emotional or psychological side effect following an abortion. Women commonly report that the abortion procedure affected them more than they expected. However, some individuals are more susceptible to experiencing some type of emotional or psychological struggle.

Women with a higher probability of having a negative emotional or psychological side effect include:

  • Individuals with previous emotional or psychological concerns
  • Individuals who have been coerced, forced or persuaded to get an abortion
  • Individuals with religious beliefs that conflict with abortion
  • Individuals with moral or ethical views that conflict with abortion
  • Individuals who obtain an abortion in the later stages of pregnancy
  • Individuals without support from significant others or their partner
  • Women obtaining an abortion for genetic or fetal abnormalities

 

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