Useful Information About Diabetes 0

In the United States alone, there are 18. 2 million people living with diabetes. While another 13 million people are already diagnosed with diabetes.

About Diabetes

Diabetes comes from the Greek word ‘Diabeinain’. That means ‘To pass through’ talking about copious micturition, and Mellitus from your Latin word meaning ‘Sweetened together with honey’. These 2 terms signify sugary urine or maybe sugar in urine.
Diabetes may be a malady when the body doesn’t generate or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone which controls the rate at which starch, sugar and other food are changed into glucose. An organ called pancreas produced and released the hormone into the blood. Insulin helps to maintain the glucose level inside a normal range.
After having a meal the liver stores the glucose from the meal as glycogen and releases it into the blood in between meals. Role of insulin is the control of this storage and release of glucose. It ensures that the quantity of glucose within the blood at each particular time doesn’t transcend or below the conventional range.

Types Of Diabetes:

According to the World Health Organization, 5 classes of diabetes are recognized.

These are:

1. Insulin Dependent Diabetes or Type I Diabetes

2. Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes or Type II Diabetes

3. Gestational Diabetes

4. Diabetes Insipidus

5. Bronze Diabetes

1. Insulin Dependent Diabetes or Type I Diabetes: Type One attacks children and young adults and is characterized by the pancreas which failing to produce insulin, which is a hormone that breaks down sugars and starches whereas changing them into energy.

2. Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes or Type II Diabetes: Type Two occurs later in an adult’s life and is characterized by the pancreas being unable to produce enough insulin due to several factors.

3. Gestational Diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy and disappears after delivery, within 3 weeks. An estimated 3% of all pregnancies are accompanied by gestational diabetes and almost half of these patients are prone to developing permanent diabetes later in their life.

4. Diabetes Insipidus: Diabetes insipidus is a rare disorder where the body used the system to regulate its water levels becomes disrupted.

5. Bronze Diabetes: Bronze diabetes is a genetic disorder caused by an over storage of iron in the body which leads to organ damage, including damage to the pancreas causes the patient to develop diabetes.

Cause Of Diabetes:

No clear cut cause is typically attributed to the most prevailing type of diabetes. Some factors are able to increase one’s possibilities of getting diabetes and these could also be known as risk factors. Some factors are given below:

Obesity: approximately 3 quarters of virtually all kind II diabetes affected persons are fat. So, obesity could be a reason for getting diabetes.

Family History: A family history of this malady will increase one’s possibilities of getting the malady.

Lack of sufficient  exercise: inadequate and irregular exercise could increase possibilities of becoming diabetic.

History of gestational Diabetes: in this case, a woman also increases her possibility of developing permanent diabetes later in life.

Tests Help Diagnose Diabetes:

There are two, main tests used for determining if or not a person has glucose intolerance:

1. Fasting Plasma Glucose Test

2. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

Preventing Diabetes:

Diabetes has no permanent cure once it develops, it is managed all through life. But you’ll be able to prevent ever falling into this life long pain.

The following tips may help to reduce diabetes risk.

1. Do sufficient exercise.

2. Reducing body weight as well as fat and maintaining a typical body weight is really essential. So, decrease weight.

3. Choose whole grains and whole grain products over highly processed carbohydrates.

4. Skip the sugary drinks, and choose water, coffee, or tea instead.

5. Choose good fats instead of bad fats.

6. Limit red meat.

7. Choose nuts, poultry, or fish.

8. Cigarette smoke contains several poisonous substances. So, stop smoking.

9. Reduce salt intake.

10. Monitor your blood sugar level.

Some changes in lifestyle, such as regular exercise, maintaining a moderate body weight, reduction of fat intake and high fiber diet all help to live a normal healthy life. These measures are recognized to increase insulin sensitivity as well as reduce blood pressure.

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Radio drama improves people’s attitude to health 0

A radio drama project to promote child nutrition, agriculture and maternal/child health issues has shown an improved attitude of listeners to such issues.

According to the project implemented for six months at Saboba and Savelugu Assemblies in the Northern Region in 2018, those, who listened to the radio dramas on child nutrition, agriculture and maternal/child health issues, improved in terms of their attitude towards those issues compared to those, who did not listen.

The project, whose findings were released at a workshop in Tamale on Friday, used radio dramas to propagate messages on good nutrition, health and agricultural practices to listeners to assess if listening to such messages would have any impact on their lives.

It was implemented by the Texas A&M University School of Public Health in the United States, University for Development Studies (UDS), Ghana Health Service (GHS), Ministry of Food and Agriculture, and Community Health Nurses Training College, Tamale.

Dr Mahama Saaka, Senior Lecturer, Department of Nutritional Sciences of UDS, who presented the findings at a forum in Tamale, said even though the attitude of listeners improved, it did not result in a change in their health conditions as malnutrition was still high at the area.

Dr Saaka suggested that Ghana Health Service scale up the project to reach a large number of the population to help change their attitudes to help improve the country’s health indicators.

Professor Lisako McKyer, Associate Dean for Climate and Diversity, Health Promotion and Community Health Science at Texas A&M University was hopeful that the project marked the beginning of a productive partnership amongst the implementers saying “Together, we can and we will positively impact the lives of all.”

Hajia Azara Amadu, Northern Regional Nutrition Officer lauded the project saying it was in line with the behavioural change campaigns of the GHS to promote improved health practices amongst the people.

Source: GNA

Adverse Health Effects of Plastics 0

In addition to creating safety problems during production, many chemical additives that give plastic products desirable performance properties also have negative environmental and human health effects. These effects include

  • Direct toxicity, as in the cases of lead, cadmium, and mercury
  • Carcinogens, as in the case of diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP)
  • Endocrine disruption, which can lead to cancers, birth defects, immune system suppression and developmental problems in

Chemical Migration from Plastic Packaging into Contents

People are exposed to these chemicals not only during manufacturing, but also by using plastic packages, because some chemicals migrate from the plastic packaging to the foods they contain. Examples of plastics contaminating food have been reported with most plastic types, including Styrene from polystyrene, plasticizers from PVC, antioxidants from polyethylene, and Acetaldehyde from PET.

Among the factors controlling migration are the chemical structure of the migrants and the nature of the packaged food. In studies cited in Food Additives and Contaminants, LDPE, HDPE, and polypropylene bottles released measurable levels of BHT, Chimassorb 81, Irganox PS 800, Irganix 1076, and Irganox 1010 into their contents of vegetable oil and ethanol. Evidence was also found that acetaldehyde migrated out of PET and into water.

Recommendations

Find alternatives to plastic products whenever possible. Some specific suggestions:

  • Buy food in glass or metal containers; avoid polycarbonate drinking bottles with Bisphenol A
  • Avoid heating food in plastic containers, or storing fatty foods in plastic containers or plastic wrap.
  • Do not give young children plastic teethers or toys
  • Use natural fiber clothing, bedding and furniture
  • Avoid all PVC and Styrene products
Plastic Common Uses Adverse Health Effects
Polyvinylchloride (#3PVC) Food packaging, plastic wrap, containers for toiletries, cosmetics, crib bumpers, floor tiles, pacifiers, shower curtains, toys, water pipes, garden hoses, auto upholstery, inflatable swimming pools Can cause cancer, birth defects, genetic changes, chronic bronchitis, ulcers, skin diseases, deafness, vision failure, indigestion, and liver dysfunction
Phthalates (DEHP, DINP, and others) Softened vinyl products manufactured with phthalates include vinyl clothing, emulsion paint, footwear, printing inks, non-mouthing toys and children’s products, product packaging and food wrap, vinyl flooring, blood bags and tubing, IV containers and components, surgical gloves, breathing tubes, general purpose labware, inhalation masks, many other medical devices Endocrine disruption, linked to asthma, developmental and reporoductive effects. Medical waste with PVC and pthalates is regularly incinerated causing public health effects from the relese of dioxins and mercury, including cancer, birth defects, hormonal changes, declining sperm counts, infertility, endometriosis, and immune system impairment.
Polycarbonate, with Bisphenol A (#7) Water bottles Scientists  have linked very low doses of bisphenol A exposure to cancers, impaired  immune function, early onset of puberty, obesity, diabetes, and  hyperactivity, among other problems (Environment California)
Polystyrene Many food containers for meats, fish, cheeses, yogurt, foam and clear clamshell containers, foam and rigid plates, clear bakery containers, packaging “peanuts”, foam packaging, audio cassette housings, CD cases, disposable cutlery, building insulation, flotation devices, ice buckets, wall tile, paints, serving trays, throw-away hot drink cups, toys Can irritate eyes, nose and throat and can cause dizziness and unconsciousness. Migrates into food and stores in body fat. Elevated rates of lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers for workers.
Polyethelyne (#1 PET) Water and soda bottles, carpet fiber, chewing gum, coffee stirrers, drinking glasses, food containers and wrappers, heat-sealed plastic packaging, kitchenware, plastic bags, squeeze bottles, toys Suspected human carcinogen
Polyester Bedding, clothing, disposable diapers, food packaging, tampons, upholstery Can cause eye and respiratory-tract irritation and acute skin rashes
Urea-formaldehyde Particle board, plywood, building insulation, fabric finishes Formaldehyde is a suspected carcinogen and has been shown to cause birth defects and genetic changes. Inhaling formaldehyde can cause cough, swelling of the throat, watery eyes, breathing problems, headaches, rashes, tiredness
Polyurethane Foam Cushions, mattresses, pillows Bronchitis, coughing, skin and eye problems. Can release toluene diisocyanate which can produce severe lung problems
Acrylic Clothing, blankets, carpets made from acrylic fibers, adhesives, contact lenses, dentures, floor waxes, food preparation equipment, disposable diapers, sanitary napkins, paints Can cause breathing difficulties, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, weakness, headache and fatigue
Tetrafluoro-
ethelyne
Non-stick coating on cookware, clothes irons, ironing board covers, plumbing and tools Can irritate eyes, nose and throat and can cause breathing difficulties

Sources:

 

ecologycenter.org

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