What You Must Know about Vaginal Yeast Infection 0

A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva.

Over 90% of vaginal yeast infections are caused by Candida albicans. Vaginal yeast infection is typically noted as yeast vaginitis, Candidal vaginitis, or Candidal vulvovaginitis.

Vaginal yeast infections are quite common in ladies. It’s calculable that seventy-five of all ladies can have a minimum of one in her period.vaginal yeast infection affects up to three out of four ladies at some purpose in their lifetimes. many ladies expertise a minimum of 2 episodes

Image credit@ Mayo

The vagina usually contains a healthy balance of bacterium and yeast. The hormone estrogen helps bacterium known as lactobacilli to grow. These bacteria kill harmful organisms within the vagina and keep you healthy,  however, once something happens to tip that balance, a fungus is known as Candida will grow out of management and cause a yeast infection.


  • Vaginal pain and soreness
  • Pain during intercourse or while urinating
  • Redness, irritation, or soreness of the vagina or vulva
  • Itching and irritation in the vagina and vulva
  • Watery vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal rash
  • Thick, white, odour-free vaginal discharge

Causes of  Yeast infections

There are several reasons you may get a yeast infection, including:

Hormones: Changes throughout pregnancy, breastfeeding or menopause (or if you’re taking contraception pills) will amend the balance in your vagina.

Antibiotics: This medication will exterminate several of the bacteria that live in your vagina. Douches and vaginal sprays: the utilization of that merchandise will amend the balance in your vagina.

 Diabetes: If your diabetes isn’t well-controlled, the rise in sugar within the mucous membranes of your vagina will create an abode for the yeast to grow.

A weakened immune system: If you’re HIV-positive or have another immune system disorder, the yeast may grow uncontrolled. Sex: although a yeast infection isn’t thought of a sexually transmitted infection, it may be passed from person to person through sexual contact.



To scale back your risk of vaginal yeast infections, wear underclothing that incorporates a cotton crotch and does not fit too tightly.

It would conjointly help to avoid:

  • Douching, that removes a number of the conventional bacterium in the vagina that shields you from infection Staying in wet garments, like swimsuits and exercise apparel, for long periods of your time
  • Tightly fitting pantyhose
  • Scented feminine merchandise, as well as a bubble bath, pads and tampons
  • Unnecessary antibiotic use, such as for colds or alternative viral infections
  • Hot tubs and very hot baths



your doctor may:

  • Perform a pelvic examination. Your doctor examines your external genitalia for signs of infection.
  • Test vaginal secretions. Your doctor could send a sample of vaginal fluid for testing to see the kind of fungus inflicting the yeast infection.
  • Raise questions on your medical record. This may embody gathering info concerning past vaginal infections or sexually transmitted infections.


Treatment may depend on the severity and frequency of your infections.

Your doctor may recommend:

  • Your doctor may prescribe a one-time, single oral dose of fluconazole (Diflucan). Oral medication is not suggested if you are pregnant.
  • An antifungal medication for 3 to seven days can sometimes clear a yeast infection. The drug may be a cream, ointment, tablet or suppository example includes miconazole (Monistat 3) and terconazole
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Radio drama improves people’s attitude to health 0

A radio drama project to promote child nutrition, agriculture and maternal/child health issues has shown an improved attitude of listeners to such issues.

According to the project implemented for six months at Saboba and Savelugu Assemblies in the Northern Region in 2018, those, who listened to the radio dramas on child nutrition, agriculture and maternal/child health issues, improved in terms of their attitude towards those issues compared to those, who did not listen.

The project, whose findings were released at a workshop in Tamale on Friday, used radio dramas to propagate messages on good nutrition, health and agricultural practices to listeners to assess if listening to such messages would have any impact on their lives.

It was implemented by the Texas A&M University School of Public Health in the United States, University for Development Studies (UDS), Ghana Health Service (GHS), Ministry of Food and Agriculture, and Community Health Nurses Training College, Tamale.

Dr Mahama Saaka, Senior Lecturer, Department of Nutritional Sciences of UDS, who presented the findings at a forum in Tamale, said even though the attitude of listeners improved, it did not result in a change in their health conditions as malnutrition was still high at the area.

Dr Saaka suggested that Ghana Health Service scale up the project to reach a large number of the population to help change their attitudes to help improve the country’s health indicators.

Professor Lisako McKyer, Associate Dean for Climate and Diversity, Health Promotion and Community Health Science at Texas A&M University was hopeful that the project marked the beginning of a productive partnership amongst the implementers saying “Together, we can and we will positively impact the lives of all.”

Hajia Azara Amadu, Northern Regional Nutrition Officer lauded the project saying it was in line with the behavioural change campaigns of the GHS to promote improved health practices amongst the people.

Source: GNA

Adverse Health Effects of Plastics 0

In addition to creating safety problems during production, many chemical additives that give plastic products desirable performance properties also have negative environmental and human health effects. These effects include

  • Direct toxicity, as in the cases of lead, cadmium, and mercury
  • Carcinogens, as in the case of diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP)
  • Endocrine disruption, which can lead to cancers, birth defects, immune system suppression and developmental problems in

Chemical Migration from Plastic Packaging into Contents

People are exposed to these chemicals not only during manufacturing, but also by using plastic packages, because some chemicals migrate from the plastic packaging to the foods they contain. Examples of plastics contaminating food have been reported with most plastic types, including Styrene from polystyrene, plasticizers from PVC, antioxidants from polyethylene, and Acetaldehyde from PET.

Among the factors controlling migration are the chemical structure of the migrants and the nature of the packaged food. In studies cited in Food Additives and Contaminants, LDPE, HDPE, and polypropylene bottles released measurable levels of BHT, Chimassorb 81, Irganox PS 800, Irganix 1076, and Irganox 1010 into their contents of vegetable oil and ethanol. Evidence was also found that acetaldehyde migrated out of PET and into water.


Find alternatives to plastic products whenever possible. Some specific suggestions:

  • Buy food in glass or metal containers; avoid polycarbonate drinking bottles with Bisphenol A
  • Avoid heating food in plastic containers, or storing fatty foods in plastic containers or plastic wrap.
  • Do not give young children plastic teethers or toys
  • Use natural fiber clothing, bedding and furniture
  • Avoid all PVC and Styrene products
Plastic Common Uses Adverse Health Effects
Polyvinylchloride (#3PVC) Food packaging, plastic wrap, containers for toiletries, cosmetics, crib bumpers, floor tiles, pacifiers, shower curtains, toys, water pipes, garden hoses, auto upholstery, inflatable swimming pools Can cause cancer, birth defects, genetic changes, chronic bronchitis, ulcers, skin diseases, deafness, vision failure, indigestion, and liver dysfunction
Phthalates (DEHP, DINP, and others) Softened vinyl products manufactured with phthalates include vinyl clothing, emulsion paint, footwear, printing inks, non-mouthing toys and children’s products, product packaging and food wrap, vinyl flooring, blood bags and tubing, IV containers and components, surgical gloves, breathing tubes, general purpose labware, inhalation masks, many other medical devices Endocrine disruption, linked to asthma, developmental and reporoductive effects. Medical waste with PVC and pthalates is regularly incinerated causing public health effects from the relese of dioxins and mercury, including cancer, birth defects, hormonal changes, declining sperm counts, infertility, endometriosis, and immune system impairment.
Polycarbonate, with Bisphenol A (#7) Water bottles Scientists  have linked very low doses of bisphenol A exposure to cancers, impaired  immune function, early onset of puberty, obesity, diabetes, and  hyperactivity, among other problems (Environment California)
Polystyrene Many food containers for meats, fish, cheeses, yogurt, foam and clear clamshell containers, foam and rigid plates, clear bakery containers, packaging “peanuts”, foam packaging, audio cassette housings, CD cases, disposable cutlery, building insulation, flotation devices, ice buckets, wall tile, paints, serving trays, throw-away hot drink cups, toys Can irritate eyes, nose and throat and can cause dizziness and unconsciousness. Migrates into food and stores in body fat. Elevated rates of lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers for workers.
Polyethelyne (#1 PET) Water and soda bottles, carpet fiber, chewing gum, coffee stirrers, drinking glasses, food containers and wrappers, heat-sealed plastic packaging, kitchenware, plastic bags, squeeze bottles, toys Suspected human carcinogen
Polyester Bedding, clothing, disposable diapers, food packaging, tampons, upholstery Can cause eye and respiratory-tract irritation and acute skin rashes
Urea-formaldehyde Particle board, plywood, building insulation, fabric finishes Formaldehyde is a suspected carcinogen and has been shown to cause birth defects and genetic changes. Inhaling formaldehyde can cause cough, swelling of the throat, watery eyes, breathing problems, headaches, rashes, tiredness
Polyurethane Foam Cushions, mattresses, pillows Bronchitis, coughing, skin and eye problems. Can release toluene diisocyanate which can produce severe lung problems
Acrylic Clothing, blankets, carpets made from acrylic fibers, adhesives, contact lenses, dentures, floor waxes, food preparation equipment, disposable diapers, sanitary napkins, paints Can cause breathing difficulties, vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, weakness, headache and fatigue
Non-stick coating on cookware, clothes irons, ironing board covers, plumbing and tools Can irritate eyes, nose and throat and can cause breathing difficulties




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