What You Need to Know about Gastric Ulcer 0

Stomach Ulcer is an open sore in that develops on the lining of the stomach-mucosa. The acid released in your stomach to digest food is strong enough to damage itself so, your stomach lining secretes mucus to protect itself.

Causes

The most common causes are bacteria (Helicobacter Pylori) and Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs). Other factors that predispose an individual includes Excessive alcohol intake, smoking, untreated stress and High spicy and fat foods, high-salt diet.

Signs and symptoms

  • Burning sensation in the center of the tummy
  • Indigestion
  • Heartburns
  • Hypercalcemia or overproduction of calcium
  • genetics
  • Fatty Food intolerance
  • Nausea and or vomiting
  • Feeling of fullness, bloating or bleeding

When Should I see my doctor?.

Call your doctor if your stomach irritation lasts longer than a week and any of the following occurs:

  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Vomiting blood
  • Extreme drowsiness
  • Confusion
  • Passing out suddenly
  • Difficulty breathing or swallowing

Mostly these occur in chronic cases of gastritis.

Treatment and prevention

Dietary changes can help prevent stomach ulcers from developing. It is advisable that people at risk of stomach ulcers should include more of the following nutrients in their diet:

  • Fruits and vegetables: Eating a variety of fruits and vegetables is key to a healthy digestive tract lining. These foods are rich in antioxidants, inhibit acid secretion, and contain cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • . Fruits, legumes, and vegetables, such as oranges and tomatoes, contain high levels of vitamin C. Vitamin C may be effective in helping to eradicate H. pylori, especially when taken in small doses over an extended period
  • Probiotics: Food that contains active bacterial content, such as probiotic yoghurt, can help to reduce a Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection.
  • Fiber: Diets high in soluble dietary fiber reduce the risk of developing stomach ulcers.
  • Selenium: This may reduce the risk of infectious complications and may also promote healing. Brazil nuts, yellowfin tuna, and halibut are recommended for their high selenium content.
  • Zinc: This micronutrient is important for maintaining a healthy immune system and healing wounds. Oysters, spinach, and beef contain high levels of zinc.
  • Avoid alcohol and caffeine as they both cause the body to produce more gastric acid.

It is important to support a treatment plan with dietary changes for the most effective outcome, as opposed to relying only on diet.

Surgical treatments

Surgery may be an option if the ulcer continues to return, will not heal, bleeds, or prevents food from leaving the stomach. Surgery can include:

  • removing the ulcer
  • tying off bleeding blood vessels
  • sewing tissue from another site onto the ulcer
  • cutting the nerve that controls stomach acid production

COMPLICATIONS

Complications from stomach ulcers are rare, yet these complications require urgent medical attention.
  • Internal bleeding. Internal bleeding may lead to anaemia, pale skin, breathlessness and palpitations.
  • Gastric Outlet Obstruction. This may occur when the inflamed or swollen part obstructs the normal flow or passage of food through the digestive tract.
  • It occurs when the lining of the stomach is perforated or splits open.

 

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Risk Factors of Cervical Cancer 0

Today, we are going to discuss some of the risk factors of cervical cancer. They are many that it will not be possible for us to exhaust all of them, but let us see how far we can go today.

1) HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTION (HPV): This is the most important of all the risk factors associated with the cancer of the cervix. Doctors believe that before a woman can develop cervical cancer, she must have been infected by HPV. Some types of this HPV are classified as “high risk” because they are the main causes of cervical cancer. These types include HPV 6, HPV 18, HPV 31, HPV 35, and HPV 45 and many other. About two-thirds of all cervical cancers are caused by HPV 16-18.

2) Smoking: Women who smoke are more likely to get cervical cancer than women who don’t smoke. Smoking exposes the body to many cancer-causing chemicals that affect not only the lungs but other parts of the body. The lungs will, first of all, absorb these harmful substances, and later transfer it into the bloodstream throughout the body. The by-products of tobacco have been found in the cervical mucus of women who smoke. These substances damage the DNA of the cervix cells and may equally lead to the development of cervical cancer.

3) IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS. This virus damages the immune system of the body completely and makes women be more at risk for HPV infection. This is one of the causes of an increased risk of cervical cancer in women with AIDS. The immune system is very important in destroying cancer cells, and slowing down their growth and spread. A cervical pre-cancer is likely to develop into invasive cancer faster in women with HIV.

4) CHLAMYDIA INFECTION: This is a very common bacterium that can infect the reproductive system. The spread is mainly through sexual contact. Women whose blood tests show past or present Chlamydia infection are at a higher risk of cervical cancer, as against women with normal test results. This type of infection often shows no symptoms in women. Unless a woman goes for the examination of her pelvic region, she may not know that she is infected with Chlamydia. When this stays long in the body, it leads to pelvic inflammation, which also leads to infertility.

5) DIETS: Diets low in fruits and vegetables can increase the risk of cervical cancer. Also, overweight can equally lead to cervical cancer.

6) BIRTH CONTROL PILLS: The usage of birth control pills for a long time increases the risk of cervical cancer in women. The longer these pills are used, the risk goes up and goes down after it is stopped.

7) MULTIPLE PREGNANCIES: Women with many full-time pregnancies have an increased risk of the cancer of the cervix. This may be because some of these women may have been exposed to unprotected sexual acts which have therefore exposed them to HPV infection. This is because the immune system of the pregnant woman is weak, which allows for HPV infection/ cancer growth.

8) LOW SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS: Many women with low income don’t have access to adequate health care services, including pap tests, and the implication of this is that they will not be screened or treated for pre-cancerous cervical diseases.

9) FAMILY HISTORY: Cervical cancer runs in some families. If your mother or sister has cervical cancer, your risk of developing this disease is higher. Women from the same family as a patient already diagnosed of cervical cancer may be more likely to have one or more of the other non-genetic risk factors previously described in this section.

I will love to hear what are your own views or opinions on this post

 

30 Things You Need to Know About Herpes 0

1. Genital herpes is caused by two forms of the herpes simplex viruses: HSV-1 or HSV-2.
2. Most oral herpes is caused by HSV-1, and most genital herpes is caused by HSV-2.
3. Most people do not show signs or symptoms from HSV-1 or HSV-2 infection.
4. At least 45 million people ages 12 and older, or 20% of U. S. adolescents and adults, have had genital herpes.
5. Genital HSV-2 infection is more common in women (approximately one out of four women) than in men (almost one out of eight).
6. Both herpes Type 1 and 2 can be transmitted by contact with the sores that the herpes viruses cause, but also between outbreaks (sometimes called OBs) via “shedding” from skin that does not have a sore on it. 
7. Herpes transmission frequently occurs from an infected partner who does not have a visible sore, and may not even know that he or she is infected with the virus.
8. Genital OBs of HSV-1 recur less frequently than genital outbreaks caused by HSV-2.
9. First symptoms of genital herpes, they can be quite intense. Subsequent OBs are milder. Symptoms can include:
10. A small area of redness, sometimes with raised bumps or fluid-filled blisters;
11. Itching, burning or tingling in the genital area;
12. Flu-like symptoms (a headache, swollen glands, fever);
13. Painful urination and/or discharge.
14. Initial herpes outbreak usually occurs within two weeks after the virus is transmitted, and the sores usually heal within two to four weeks.
15. Sometimes, a person does not become aware of the infection until years after it is acquired.
16. Do not squeeze OB blisters because that may cause infection to spread.
17. Genital herpes infection can be more severe in people with immune systems depressed due to other causes.

  1. Genital herpes can cause psychological distress in people who know they are infected, due particularly to the attached social stigma.

    19. Any area in the groin can be affected by genital herpes.

    20. Herpes is not the only infection that causes genital sores. Bacterial infections have also been known to cause sores that resemble herpes sores. So, it’s best to get tested.
    21. Genital herpes can lead to potentially fatal infections in babies.
    22. Genital herpes can sometimes be diagnosed by visual inspection of the outbreak, or by taking an actual sample from a sore.
    23. The only sure way to avoid getting herpes and other STDs is abstinence, or a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship with someone who is not infected.
    24. If you inform your partner of your herpes, you can discuss it instead of making excuses as to why you don’t want to have sex.
    25. Genital herpes caused by HSV-2 carries an 80-90% chance of OBs.
    26. Genital herpes caused by HSV-1 carries a 50% chance of OBs.
    27. OB sores can occur in areas that are not covered by a latex condom, so condoms are not fool-proof in protecting from contracting genital herpes.
    28. Even if a person does not have any symptoms he or she can still infect sex partners.
    29. You can’t get herpes from swimming pools, towels or toilet seats.
    30. Frequency and severity of herpes OBs vary between individuals.

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