Health Info Ghana
DISEASES AND CONDITIONS

What You Need To Know About Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a bacterial infection transmitted sexually and caused by a bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It usually infects warm, wet areas of the body such as the throat, rectum, eyes, vagina and urethra.

Symptoms of gonorrhoea

In women may include:

  • uncommon discharge (fluid) from the vagina (may be white or yellow)
  • Lower abdominal or pelvic pain
  • Pain or burning sensation felt during micturition
  • bleeding between periods
  • Throat infections

In men

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  • Discharge(pus-like) from the phallus/penis
  • Pain or burning sensation during micturition
  • Throat infections

Risk factors

Factors which is able to increase your risk of clap infection include:

  • Younger age
  • A sex partner who has alternative partners
  • A new sex partner
  • Multiple sex partners
  • Previous clap diagnosis
  • Having a different sexually transmitted infections

Prevention

  •  Abstaining from sex is that the surest way to stop gonorrhoea.
  • if you decide to have sex, use a condom throughout any form of sexual contact, including anal intercourse, oral sex or vaginal sex.
  •  continuously use a condom throughout sex. Also, use a spermatocide containing nonoxynol-9.
  • Find out whether or not your partner has been tested for sexually transmitted infections, as well as gonorrhoea. If not, ask whether or not he or she would be willing to be tested.
  • If your partner has signs or symptoms of a sexually transmitted infection, like burning during micturition or a sex organ rash or sore, do not have sex with that person.
  • Periodic screening is usually recommended for all sexually active ladies less than twenty-five years of age and for older ladies at increased risk of infection, like people who have a new sex partner, more than one sex partner, a sex partner with other partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection.
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Treatment

Antibiotics such as ceftriaxone, azithromycin and doxycycline may be prescribed by your doctor. Seek advice from your doctor first and make sure to get your partner tested and treated as well.

Complications

Untreated gonorrhoea will result in significant complications, such as:

  • sterility in ladies
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), PID is a serious infection that needs immediate treatment.
  • greater risk of gestational complications
  • sterility in men if clap is left untreated.
  • Infection that spreads to the joints and different areas of your body. The microorganism that causes gonorrhoea can spread through the blood and infect different parts of your body.
  • Higher risk for HIV/AIDS.
  • Babies who contract gonorrhoea from their mothers through birth can develop visual impairment, sores on the scalp and infections.
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